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Hotel Altozano Plaza del Altozano, 1, 02001 Albacete, Spain
+34 967 21 04 62
JC COCHES Av Madrigueras, 16237 Ledaña, Cuenca, Spain
+34 696 87 45 35
Auto-Escuela Paños, S.L. Calle Rosario, 103, 02002 Albacete, Spain
+34 967 22 28 83
Castilla Paseo Cuba, 3, 02001 Albacete, Spain
+34 967 21 42 88
Alcampo Parcela T3 Sector14.Recintos Feriales. Albacete, C.C.Imaginalia, 02007 Albacete, Spain
+34 967 21 57 55
Hotel Universidad Av de España, 71, 02006 Albacete, Spain
+34 967 50 88 95
Autoturismos Albacete Calle de Federico García Lorca, 5, 02001 Albacete, Spain
+34 967 24 60 34
Sercotel Los Llanos Av de España, 9, 02002 Albacete, Spain
+34 967 22 37 50
New Yorker Ekz Albacenter C/Alcalde Conangla S/N, 02006 Albacete, Spain
+34 967 19 26 38
Mássimo Dutti Calle Tinte, 18, 02001 Albacete, Spain
+34 967 22 06 30
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About Albacete

Albacete 




Albacete is a city and municipality in southeastern Spain, 262 kilometres (163 mi) by road southeast of Madrid, and is the capital of the province of Albacete in the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. It is located to the southeast of the Meseta Central in the historic region of La Mancha, specifically in the historic region of La Mancha de Montearagón. It currently falls within the region ofLos Llanos, being the only municipality in this region.

The city is the seat of judicial district number 1 in the province, the seat of the diocese that bears the same name, and the seat of the High Court of Justice of Castilla-La Mancha, the highest court in the Autonomous Community. The municipality of Albacete is the seventh largest in Spain with 1,125.91 km2 (434.72 sq mi) (fourth if only the provincial capitals are taken into account).

In 2013, the city had 172,693 inhabitants, rising to 219,121 in the metropolitan area, being the city with the highest number of inhabitants in all Castilla-La Mancha, and one of the main urban areas of the country. From the mid-twentieth century, the city underwent major population growth which is reflected in its extensive commercial area which encompasses more than 556,723 people from 154 municipalities.

At present, Albacete is a modern capital with large areas for pedestrians and green areas that m ake it one of the ten cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants with the lowest presence of pollution in all Europe.Further its flat area and the elimination of architectural barriers have also led it to be one of the most accessible cities across the country, and the sixth with the highest quality of life, according to a study by the Organization of Consumers and Users (OCU), 2012.

Albacete is a commercial and industrial city, a major communications hub, which is well connected by highways and by rail (including services AVE) and air passage via its airport that connects it with various locations in the Spanish territory.

The city has been known as a center for the manufacture of fine daggers, scissors, and knives. An assembly plant of Eurocopter, a subsidiary of EADS, began operation in 2007.

The industrial area in the city, known as Polígono de Campollano, has recently been expanded as it is one of the biggest industrial parks in Spain. The local government is pushing to make Albacete a logistic center in the southeastern part of Spain.

The writer, novelist, essayist and literary critic Azorin, described the city of Albacete in a poem as "The New York of La Mancha".

The city has many festivals and traditions, among which should be highlighted the Feria de Albacete, declared of international tourist interest, which is held from 7 to 17 September in honor of the Virgin of Los Llanos, and numerous regional events of a national and international nature such as the European Truck Championship, or the international Circus Festival (among others), and even trade fairs and exhibitions.

The aviation industry is one of the main economic drivers of the city, as well as the Albacete Air and Logistics Park, home to major companies, the city also hosts the Training Center for NATO pilots.

Albacete, together with Ciudad Real, has one of the main campuses of the University of Castilla la Mancha. It is estimated that between 9,000 and 10,000 students study at any of the schools that the regional university currently has in the city.

Albacete is not known as a tourist destination, but its sights include the cathedral and the Museo de Albacete.

From the beginning of the twentieth century, the city began gaining importance as, during the Spanish Civil War, it was the headquarters and training camp of the International Brigades, whose political commissar wasAndré Marty, also known as the "Butcher of Albacete".

Albacete is home to the football team Albacete Balompié.






Albacete
 
Feria de Albacete 2014. Puerta de Hierros del Recinto Ferial de Albacete 5.jpg Catedral de Albacete, San Juan AAE4385.jpg
Recinto Ferial de Albacete. Feria de Albacete 17.jpg
Teatro Circo Albacete.jpg Pasaje Lodares.jpg Depósito de Agua de la Fiesta del Árbol. Parque de la Fiesta del Árbol. Albacete 13.jpg Albacete Spagna.JPG
Fábrica de Harinas de Albacete. Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha. Albacete 2.jpg Puerta Principal de la Plaza de toros de Albacete. 2.jpg

From upper left: Fair of Albacete and Albacete Cathedral; Albacete Fairgrounds; Albacete Circus Theater, Lodares Passage, Water tank Tree Party and Altozano Square; Albacete Manufactures Flour and Albacete Bullring.
Flag of Albacete
Flag
Coat of arms of Albacete
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): New York of La Mancha, City of the Cutlery
Albacete is located in Spain
Albacete
Albacete
Location in Spain






History



 

Cathedral of Albacete.
 

 

The origins of the city are uncertain, although the first few confirmations of its existence are found during the Moorish domination of the area. The earliest documentation is from 1269, when Albacete was only a small village, dependent on the borough of Chinchilla. Before that, it had been a small Moorish village. Its name is derived from the Arabic البسيط Al-Basīṭ, "El Llano" ("the plain") referring to the planiform nature of the geography of the area.. It was taken by Christian troops in 1241 and was under the dominion of Alarcon.

Around the first quarter of the 14th century, in the time of the famous writer Don Juan Manuel, Prince of Villena, who was the governor of Murcia and, therefore the Lord of these lands, which were to become later the Marquisate of Villena, the village began to develop and its population to increase. In 1375 it was considered a borough and became independent of Chinchilla, and a century later, in 1476, the Catholic Monarchs rewarded Albacete for supporting the Crown by granting it a licence to hold a market once a week.

During the Revolt of the Comuneros (1520–22), after initial protests, Albacete supported the new emperor Charles V who, in 1526, granted the feudal estate of the town to his wife, the Empress Isabella of Portugal. During this period, building started on the church of San Juan Bautista (St John the Baptist), which was later to become a cathedral.



 


Albacete in the 18th century.




 

Albacete is located in a strategic position between Madrid and the east coast of Spain and its agricultural wealth led to the growth of the borough during the next few centuries until Philip V granted permission for an annual fair (1710). This fair was later held in an enclosure built by Charles III (1783).

The railway reached Albacete in 1855, and the Madrid‑Alicante route passed through the town. Later, Albacete was also connected by rail to Cartagena. In 1862, Isabel II granted Albacete the title of town. Street electric lighting was inaugurated in 1888, thus being the first capital of a province in Spain with electric lighting in its streets.

Throughout the 19th century, the population of the town doubled from the 10,000 inhabitants at the beginning of the century to around 21,000 by the beginning of the 20th century. During this period, Albacete defended Queen Isabel II against the Carlists (the supporters of Charles, the pretender to the Spanish throne), supported Espartero and, just like other Spanish cities, constituted a revolutionary junta. During the long period of the Restoration (1875–1923), symptoms of caciquismo (or "boss politics," a system of dominance by a local party leader) invaded the political and social life of Albacete.

Between 1900 and the end of the Spanish Civil War (1939), the population tripled. A number of basic public works date back to that time: the water supply and sewer system (1905), the Abelardo Sanchez Park (1910–23), Tesifonte Gallego Street and the Industrial area of the town. During the Spanish Civil War (1935–39), after a brief lapse in the power of the troops who had rebelled against the Republican government, the town fell back into the hands of Madrid. For most of the war, the airbase at Los Llanos was the main headquarters of the Republican air force. It was also the headquarters of the International Brigades (supporters of the Republican cause from other countries who fought in the Spanish Civil war) and a monument has been built recently to commemorate the sixty years' anniversary of those events.

 


Casa del hortelano(Landman's house). currently a knife museum


 

The first volume of Peter Weiss' novel The Aesthetics of Resistance is located in Albacete's Civil War days hospital “Cueva La Potita“.

In the time of the transition to democracy, the two most significant events were the establishment in Albacete in 1982 of the High Court of Justice of Castile-La Mancha, Casa de Quevedo, and the consolidation of the University, which brought new life to the town in 1985.








SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albacete


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