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Rafaelhoteles Atocha Mendez Alvaro, 30, 28045 Madrid, Spain
+34 902 10 00 15
Campanile Madrid - Alcala De Henares Calle Fausto Elhuya, 3, 28806 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain
+34 918 02 56 12
Jardines de Sabatini Calle Bailén, 2, 28013 Madrid, Spain
+34 915 88 10 00
Torrejón 2 S.A. Av de la Constitución, 167, 28850 Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain
+34 916 75 15 58
NH Alcala Calle Alcala, 66, 28009 Madrid, Spain
+34 914 35 10 60
Confortel Alcala Norte Calle de San Romualdo, 30, 28037 Madrid, Spain
+34 917 54 84 00
Metropol Rooms Alcala Calle Fausto Elhuyar, 9, 28802 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain
+34 918 02 54 60
AC Hotel Alcalá de Henares Calle Octavio Paz, 25, 28805 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain
+34 918 02 39 70
Hotel Victoria 4 Calle Victoria, 4, 28012 Madrid, Spain
+34 915 23 84 30
Apartahotel Alcala Centro Calle de Don Juan I, 12, 28807 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain
+34 918 77 53 94
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Martin Sotelo Abogados Reviewed by: Janine A. Philips For me is one of the leading law firms in Spain. High quality services to foreign investors in Spain: legal services (including litigation), investments, real estate, asset management... The best opti
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About Alcal? De Henares

Alcalá de Henares

 

 

 

Alcalá de Henares, is a Spanish city whose historical centre is one of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. The city stands out for its rich archaeology and was one of the first bishoprics founded in Spain. Located in the Autonomous Community of Madrid, 35 kilometres (22 miles) northeast of the city of Madrid, at an altitude of 588 m (1,929 ft) above sea level, it has a population of around 200,000. Locally, the city is generally known simply as "Alcalá", but "de Henares" is appended when needed to differentiate it from a dozen Spanish cities sharing the name Alcalá (from the Arabic word al-qal'a القلعة for fortification or citadel). The Latin name, Complutum, is sometimes used. The city is capital of its namesake region, Comarca de Alcalá.

 

 

 

 

History

 

 

The city boundaries have been inhabited since the Calcolithic phase of the Bronze AgeRomansconquered the area in the 1st century BC, and built the town of Complutum near a previousCeltiberian settlement, called Iplacea. Thus, it became the only Roman town in the Madrid region. With 10,000 inhabitants, it reached the status of Municipium and had its own governing institutions. After the downfall of the Roman Empire, under the Visigoths, it declined, although it also became a pilgrimage destination in remembrance of the Saints Justo and Pastor.

When the Moors arrived in 711, they subdued the Visigothic city and founded another site, building an al-qal'a, which means "citadel" in Arabic, on a nearby hill, today known as Alcalá la Vieja (Old Alcalá). On 3 May 1118, it was reconquered by the Archbishop of Toledo Bernard de Sedirac in the name of Castile. The Christians preferred the Burgo de Santiuste ("Saint Just's borough") on the original Roman site and the Arab one was abandoned. The city was ceded to the Bishopric of Toledo, which granted it ferial rights. Under Christian rule until the end of the Reconquista, the city had both a Jewish and a Moorish quarter and a renowned marketplace. Its central position allowed it to be a frequent residence of the Kings of Castile, when travelling south.

At some time in the 1480s, Christopher Columbus had his first meeting at the "Casa de la Entrevista" with the Reyes Católicos, Ferdinand and Isabella, who financed the travel for theDiscovery of America.

The city suffered severe damage during the Spanish Civil War.

 

 

 

University and Historic Precinct of Alcalá de Henares

Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List

 

 

 


The Plaza de Cervantes, shown here in the winter, is the social center of Alcalá de Henares. Visible is the statue of Miguel de Cervantes, the city's most famous native.

 

 

 

 

 

 Tower of the Old Castle of Alcalá La Vieja

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Statues of Don Quixote and Sancho Panza outside Cervantes' birthplace

 

 

 

 

 

 Laredo Palace

 

 

 


 
Cervantes Square
 
Oidor Church

 
Tower of the Cathedral of the Santos Niños

 

University

 

 

The major landmark and one of the great prides of the city, its university, is spread throughout the city, but generally exists in two campuses. The first is on the north side of Alcalá. This campus includes most science departments and student housing (as well as its own, separate RENFEstation). The second, central campus, houses most of the humanity and social science departments, including a law school.

The architectural influence of the university can be found in other present-day academic institutions. The University of San Diego is largely based on the Spanish university; its campus and address take the name "Alcalá Park." In addition, some buildings at Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Texas, were modeled after the architecture of Universidad de Alcalá de Henares.

The Universidad Complutense, one of the oldest universities in the world, was founded by King Sancho IV of Castile as Studium Generale in 1293 in Alcalá de Henares. With the patronage of Cardinal Cisneros, it was recognized in a 1499 Papal Bull, and quickly gained international fame as a main centre of learning of the Renaissance thanks to the production of the Complutensian Polyglot Bible in 1517, which is the basis for most of the current translations. The University moved to Madrid in 1836 by Royal Decree (initially as the Universidad de Madrid, later as the Universidad Central, which in the 1970s would finally be renamedUniversidad Complutense de Madrid). A new university was founded in the old buildings as the Universidad de Alcalá (Alcalá Universityin 1977. Parts of the new University occupy the buildings of the old Universidad Complutense in the city centre, including the modern Colegio de San Ildefonso, and other Colegios, and the structures have served as a model for other universities across the Spanish territories in the Americas and other dependencies.

The university chapel dedicated to Saint Ildefonso has a monument to the University's founder, Cardinal Cisneros, by Fancelli, an Italian sculptor.

It should be noted that while the present university is named "Universidad de Alcalá", the ancient institution founded by Cisneros is the one now called "Universidad Complutense" located in the capital city of Madrid ("Complutensis" is the Latin word for "native of Alcalá"). The modern University is related to the original institution in name only, although it occupies the former buildings of the Complutense.


 


 

 

 


The plateresque façade of the old Alcalá University

 

 

 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcal%C3%A1_de_Henares


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