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TARA TALLAS GRANDES HOMBRE CORDOBA C/. Tras La Puerta, local 6, 14010 Córdoba, Spain
+34 957 43 17 68
TOYS"R"US Córdoba Av del Arcángel, s/n, 14010 Córdoba, Spain
+34 957 75 00 06
Pull And Bear Calle del Conde de Gondomar, 5, 14003 Córdoba, Spain
+34 957 49 24 88
El Caballo Rojo Calle del Cardenal Herrero, 28, 14003 Córdoba, Spain
+34 957 47 53 75
Hotel Plateros Plaza de Séneca, 4, 14003 Córdoba, Spain
+34 957 49 67 85
LA FONTANA DE CÓRDOBA de CANTERAS,9, 14012 Córdoba, Spain
+34 679 35 76 05
Glamour Nail Studio - decoracion uñas gel y porcelana o acrilico en cordoba Lagartijo, 22., Local 4, 14005 Córdoba, Spain
+34 605 29 13 33
S'Candalo Córdoba Av de Carlos III, 232, 14100 La Carlota, Cordoba, Spain
+34 957 30 02 22
Restaurante Amaltea Ronda de Isasa, 10, 14003 Córdoba, Spain
+34 957 49 19 68
Academia de Baile Fuego Latino Paseo de Cervantes, 7, 14550 Montilla, Córdoba, Spain
+34 609 41 85 34
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Inland Andalucia Ltd Reviewed by: MorganNystrom Excellent real estate services. As a real estate agent myself, I can attest that Inland Andalucia has amazing agents.
Sunlounge Solarium Reviewed by: Sunlounge Nice place, deep golden tan. Thanks
Chic Hair Reviewed by: Sandra Eveleigh Great salon with very very friendly staff. Professional service in all areas of hair and beauty. My acrylic nails are gorgeous, but they also do gel and nail strengthening products. Go visit!
KJ Locksmiths Reviewed by: Tina That kind of thiknnig shows you're an expert

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About C?rdoba

Córdoba, Andalusia



 

 

 

Córdoba also called Cordova in English, is a city in Andalusia, southern Spain, and the capital of the province of Córdoba. The old town contains numerous architectural reminders of when Corduba was the capital of Hispania Ulterior during the Roman Republic and capital of Hispania Baetica during the Roman Empire; and when Qurṭubah (قرطبة) was the capital of the Islamic Emirate and then Caliphate of Córdoba, including most of the Iberian Peninsula.

It has been estimated that in the 10th century Córdoba was the most populous city in the world, and under the rule of Caliph Al Hakam II it had also become a centre for education under its Islamic rulers. Al Hakam II opened many libraries on top of the many medical schools and universities which existed at this time. Such universities contributed towards developments in mathematics and astronomy. During these centuries Córdoba had become the intellectual centre of Europe and was also noted for its predominantly Muslim society that was tolerant toward its minorities.[2]Today it is a moderately sized modern city; its population in 2011 was about 330,000.The historic centre was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


 

 

 

 

Córdoba

Municipality

 

 


View of the Roman bridge and the city of Córdoba

View of the Roman bridge and the city of Córdoba

 

 

 





Flag of Córdoba
 

 

Flag

Coat of arms of Córdoba
 

 

Coat of arms

 

 

 

 

 



History

 





Prehistory and antiquity


 

 

The first trace of human presence in the area are remains of a Neanderthal Man, dating to c. 42,000 to 35,000 B.O.T. In the 8th century B.O.T., during the ancient Tartessos period, a pre-urban settlement existed. The population gradually learned copper and silver metallurgy. The first historical mention of a settlement dates, however, to the Carthaginian expansion across the Guadalquivir, when the general Hamilcar Barca renamed it Kartuba, from Kart-Juba, meaning "the City of Juba", the latter being a Numidian commander who had died in a battle nearby. Córdoba was conquered by the Romans in 206 B.O.T. In 169 the Roman consul Marcus Claudius Marcellus founded a Latin colony alongside the pre-existing Iberian settlement. Between 143 and 141 B.O.T. the town was besieged by Viriatus. A Roman Forum is known to have existed in the city in 113 B.O.T. The famous Cordoba Treasure, which mixes local and Roman artistic traditions, was buried in the city at this time. It can now be found in the collections of the British Museum.

At the time of Julius Caesar, Córdoba was the capital of the Roman province of Hispania Ulterior Baetica. Great Roman philosophers such as Lucius Annaeus Seneca the Younger, orators such as Seneca the Elder and poets such as Lucancame from Roman Cordoba. Later, it occupied an important place in the Provincia Hispaniae of the Byzantine Empire (552–572) and under the Visigoths, who conquered it in the late 6th century.

 





 

Albolafia mill, one of the eleven Mills of the Guadalquivir in Córdoba

 

 

 



Archaeological site of Cercadilla including the remains of one of Maximian's palaces

 

 





Roman temple of Córdoba

 




 

Part of the Archaeological site of Medina Azahara



 

 

Puerta de Almodóvar

 




 

Western wall of the Synagogue of Córdoba

 

 




Palace of Mercy

 

 

 

 

Historic architecture

 

 



Córdoba has the second largest Old town in Europe, the largest urban area in the world declared World Heritage by UNESCO. The most important building and symbol of the city, the Great Mosque of Córdoba and current cathedral, alongside the Roman bridge, are the best known facet of the city. Other Roman remains include the Roman Temple, the TheatreMausoleum, the Colonial Forum, theForum Adiectum, an amphitheater and the remains of the Palace of the EmperorMaximian in the Archaeological site of Cercadilla, among others.

Near the cathedral is the old Jewish quarter, which consists of many irregular streets, such as Calleja de las Flores and Calleja del Pañuelo, and which is home to the Synagogue and the Sephardic House. In the extreme southwest of the Old Town is the Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos, a former royal property and the seat of the Inquisition; adjacent to it are the Royal Stables, a breeding place of theAndalusian horse. Near the stables are located, along the walls, the medieval Baths of the Caliphate. In the south of the Old town and east of the great cathedral, in thePlaza del Potro, is the Posada del Potro, a row of inns mentioned in literary works such as Don Quixote and La Feria de los Discretos and which remained active until 1972. Both the plaza and the inn get their name from the fountain in the centre of the plaza, which represents a foal. Not far from this plaza is the Arco del Portillo (a 14th-century arch).

Along the banks of the Guadalquivir are the Mills of the Guadalquivir, moorish era buildings that took advantage of the water force to grind the flour. They include the Albolafia, Alegría, Carbonell, Casillas, Enmedio, Lope García, Martos, Pápalo, San Antonio, San Lorenzo and San Rafael mills.

Surrounding the large Old town are the Roman walls: gates include the Puerta de Almodóvar, the Puerta de Sevilla and Puerta del Puente, which are the only three gates remaining from the original thirteen. Towers and fortresses include the Malmuerta Tower, the Belén Tower and the Puerta del Rincón's Tower, and the fortress of the Calahorra Tower and of the Donceles Tower.

Palace buildings in the Old Town include the Palacio de Viana (14th century) and the Palacio de la Merced among others. On the outskirts of the city lies the Archaeological site of the city of Medina Azahara, which, together with the Alhambrain Granada, is one of the main Spanish-Muslim architectures in Spain.

Other sights are the Cuesta del Bailío (a staircase connecting the upper and lower part of the city) and the Minaret of San Juan, once part of a mosque.

 


 

 

Roman Mausoleum in the Paseo de la Victoria.



 

Interior of the Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba.



 

 
Calleja de las Flores, with the Great Cathedral in the background.

 




Fernandine churches

 

 

The city is home to 12 Christian churches that were built (many as transformations of mosques) by Ferdinand III of Castileafter the reconquest of the city in the 13th century. They were to act both as churches and as the administrative centres in the neighborhoods into which the city was divided in medieval times. Some of those that remain are:

 

 






 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 






 

Iglesia de Santa Marina de Aguas Santas, built in the 13th century.

 


 

 






Other religious structures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 





 

Main façade of the Iglesia de San Hipólito.

 




Gardens, parks and natural environments

 




 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 





 

Parque de Miraflores. In the background is the sculpture entitled "Salam".




 
Paseo de Córdoba.




 
Fuente de los Jardines de Colón.




 

 

Museums

 

 

 

 

 

 

 






Theatres

 





 

 

 

 

 

 

Patio de los naranjos of theGreat Mosque.

 

 


 

 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%B3rdoba,_Andalusia



 

 

 


 


 



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