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MEXforex España Paseo del Prado 25 Toledo CM 45520
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Fuensalidana de Transportes S.C.L (Futrans) Crta. Portillo-Noves, Km.2, 45519 Novés, Toledo, Spain
+34 925 73 05 06
Montepicaza Toledo Calle Armas, 10, 45001 Toledo, Spain
+34 649 97 96 97
FOSSIL® Store Madrid Islazul Islazul, Unit L120a, C/ Calderilla 1, Pau Ensanche de Carabanchel, 28054 Madrid, Spain
+34 915 11 55 03
Restaurante Asiatico Sake Calle de Descalzos, 2, 45002 Toledo, Spain
+34 925 22 07 87
Panaderia - Pasteleria La Espiga Real Calle Real, 112, 45200 Illescas, Toledo, Spain
+34 626 75 74 35
La Perdiz Calle de los Reyes Católicos, 7, 45002 Toledo, Spain
+34 925 25 29 19
SAFE Industrial c/ Valdecava, s/n, Polígono Industrial de Toledo, 45007 Toledo, Spain
+34 925 24 80 00
Lidl Plaza de Grecia, 2, 45005 Toledo, Spain
+34 902 24 32 22
Tienda Kiabi TOLEDO Parque Comercial La Abad¡a, Ctra. CM-4003 Km 1 Toledo-Bargas, 45003 Toldeo, Toledo, Spain
+34 925 33 36 93
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About Toledo

Toledo, La-Mancha



is a municipality located in central Spain, 70km south of Madrid. It is the capital of the province of Toledo and theautonomous community of Castile–La Mancha. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986 for its extensive cultural and monumental heritage and historical co-existence of ChristianMuslimand Jewish cultures.

Toledo is known as the "Imperial City" for having been the main venue of the court of Charles I, and as the "City of the Three Cultures", having been influenced by a historical co-existence of Christians, Muslims andJews. In 1085, the city fell to Alfonso VI of Castile as the first major city in the Christian Reconquista. Toledo has a history in the production ofbladed weapons, which are now popular souvenirs of the city.

People who were born or have lived in Toledo include Al-Zarqali,Garcilaso de la VegaEleanor of ToledoAlfonso X and El Greco. It was also the place of important historic events such as the VisigothicCouncils of Toledo. As of 2012, the city has a population of 84,019 and an area of 232.1 km2 (89.6 sq mi).







Toledo at sunrise — The Alcázar on the left and Cathedral on the right dominate the skyline
Toledo at sunrise — The Alcázar on the left andCathedral on the right dominate the skyline







History



 

Puerta del Sol, Collotype 1889



 

The city is said to have been populated since the Bronze Age. According to Don Isaac Abrabanel, a prominent Jewish figure in Spain in the 15th century and one of the king's trusted courtiers who witnessed the expulsion of Jews from Spain in 1492, the cityṬulayṭulah was named by its first Jewish inhabitants who settled there in the 5th century BCE, and which name - by way of conjecture - may have been related to its Hebrew cognate טלטול (= wandering), on account of their wandering from Jerusalem. He says, furthermore, that the original name of the city was Pirisvalle, so-called by its early pagan inhabitants.[1]

Toledo (Latin: ToletumLatin pronunciation: [təˈliːtəm][2]) is mentioned by the Roman historian Livy (ca. 59 BCE – 17 CE) as urbs parva, sed loco munita (“a small city, but fortified by location”). Conquered by the Roman general Marcus Fulvius Nobilior in 193 BCE, it became an important Roman colony and the capital of Carpentia.[3] It grew in importance during Roman times, being a main commercial and administrative centre in the Roman province of Carthaginensis. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Toledo served as the capital city of Visigothic Spain, beginning with Liuvigild (Leovigild), till theMoors conquered the Iberian peninsula in the early years of 8th century (711-719).

Under the Caliphate of Cordoba, Toledo was the center of numerous insurrections dating from 761 to 857.[4] The Banu Qasi gained nominal control of the city until 920 and in 932 Abd-ar-Rahman III captured the city following an extensive siege.[5] Toledo experienced a period known as La Convivencia, i.e. the co-existence of JewsChristians, and Muslims. Under Islamic Arab rule, Toledo was again called Ṭulayṭulah. After the fall of the caliphate, Toledo was the capital city of one of the richest Taifas of Al-Andalus. Its population was overwhelmingly Muladi, and, because of its central location in the Iberian Peninsula, Toledo took a central position in the struggles between the Muslim and Christian rulers of northern Spain. The conquest of Toledo by Alfonso VI of Castile in 1085 marked the first time a major city in Al-Andalus was liberated by Christian forces; it served to sharpen the religious aspect of the Christian reconquest.




 

Remains of Roman circus at Toledo.



 

On May 25, 1085, Alfonso VI of Castile took Toledo and established direct personal control over the Moorish city from which he had been exacting tribute, ending the medieval Taifa's Kingdom of Toledo. This was the first concrete step taken by the combined kingdom of Leon-Castile in the Reconquista by Christian forces. After Castilian conquest, Toledo continued to be a major cultural centre; its Arab libraries were not pillaged, and a tag-team translation centre was established in which books in Arabic or Hebrew would be translated into Castilian by Muslim and Jewish scholars, and from Castilian into Latin by Castilian scholars, thus letting long-lost knowledge spread through Christian Europe again. For some time during the 16th century, Toledo served as the capital city of Castile, and the city flourished. However, soon enough the Spanish court was moved, first to Valladolid and then to Madrid, thus letting the city's importance dwindle until the late 20th century, when it became the capital of the autonomous community of Castile–La Mancha. Nevertheless, the economic decline of the city helped to preserve its cultural and architectural heritage. Today, because of this rich heritage, Toledo is one of Spain's foremost cities, receiving thousands of visitors yearly.






Economy



 

Zocodover square after the famous Corpus Christi festivities






The metal-working industry has historically been Toledo's economic base, with a great tradition in the manufacturing of swords and knives and a significant production of razor blades, medical devices and electrical products. Soap and toothpaste industries, flour milling, glass and ceramics have also been important.[7] (The Toledo Blade, the American newspaper in Toledo's Ohionamesake city, is named in honor of that sword-making tradition.)




 

The Museum Santa Cruz



 

According to the Statistical Institute of Castilla-La Mancha, in 2007 the distribution of employment by sectors of occupation was as follows: 86.5% of the population engaged in the services, 6.6% in construction, 5.4% in industry and 1.5% in agriculture and livestock.[8]




Puerta de Bisagra






The manufacture of swords in the city of Toledo goes back to Roman times, but it was under Moorish rule and during theReconquista that Toledo and its guild ofsword-makers played a key role. Between the 15th and 17th centuries the Toledo sword-making industry enjoyed a great boom, to the point where its products came to be regarded as the best in Europe. Swords and daggers were made by individual craftsmen, although the sword-makers guild oversaw their quality. In the late 17th and early 18th century production began to decline, prompting the creation of the Royal Arms Factory in 1761 by order of King Carlos III. The Royal Factory brought together all the sword-makers guilds of the city and it was located in the former mint. In 1777, recognizing the need to expand the space, Carlos III commissioned the architectSabatini to construct a new building on the outskirts of the city. This was the beginning of several phases of expansion. Its importance was such that it eventually developed into a city within the city of Toledo.




 

Historical swords and souvenirs of Toledo






In the 20th century, the production of knives and swords for the army was reduced to cavalry weapons only, and after the Spanish Civil War, to the supply of swords to the officers and NCOs of the various military units. Following the closure of the factory in the 1980s, the building was renovated to house the campus of the Technological University of Castilla-La Mancha in Toledo.





Sport[edit]

Toledo suffered from a shortage of sports facilities. Much of this problem was resolved when the Central School of Physical Education of the Army moved its headquarters to the premises of the Academy of Infantry. In the 1990s, the city council took over the old facilities of the military centre, which now include an athletics track, Olympic swimming pool and an indoor sports hall, from the former military installations, and numerous outdoor courts built in the area of the former runway of application, having been demolished and the old gym complex pools (indoor and outdoor).

Besides these facilities, the city of Toledo has covered sports pavilions in the districts of Santa Maria de Benquerencia, Santa Barbara, San Anton (Complejo Deportivo "Leaping Horse"); outdoor pools in sugar, Palomarejos, Santa Maria de Benquerencia, Santa Barbara, Santa Teresa and indoor swimming pools in the gardens of the Alcazar (old town), Santa Maria de Benquerencia and San Antonio.

Toledo has a football team, Club Deportivo Toledo, which is currently playing in the third-tier Segunda División B. The club plays its matches in the municipal field Leaping Horse, opened in 1973. The team played for 7 seasons in the Segunda División, during which it reached the play-off final for promotion to La Liga at the end of the 1993-94 season, losing 4-1 on aggregate to Real Valladolid. Toledo players have included Abel ResinoLuis Garcia, Rufete and Casquero.

Toledo also has teams of handball. The Toledo Handball, after 5 years in the Division de Honor B, start the 2009-2010 season as ASOBAL new club for the first time in its history. A refurbished town hall "Javier Lozano Cid ', with capacity for around 1,500 spectators, is its new headquarters. Moreover, the city has two other Division II team in the National, the Toledo Handball Lábaro-B and Club Deportivo Amibal.

Toledo has two basketball teams: the CIS Toledo, with a long history that has gone through ups and downs in both regional and in national leagues (EBA) and has just promoted to 1st Autonomic, and CB polygon, in Currently the most representative, whose team has promoted male, 7 years after leaving, to EBA League to start the 09/10 season. This club based in the Santa Maria de Benquerencua has one of the largest quarries of Castilla-La Mancha.

Toledo has been represented in athletics since 2 April 1979 by the Toledo Athletic Club, that is characterised by its actions, mainly in cross-country, where he managed a large number of medals in the championships team Spain's specialty, in addition to their combined male and female military in the late 1990s in the 1st division league national track. Among the athletes who have passed through its lanes are great athletes as Julio Rey, Roberto Parra, Chema Martinez and Julia Lobato.

Cycling, meanwhile, after the mythical victory in the Tour de France in 1959 by Federico Bahamontes, 'The Eagle of Toledo', has been one of the sports with more followers in the city, although, at present, no school despite having a velodrome in the Santa Maria de Benquerencia. Other leading professional cyclists from the city have been Nemesio Jiménez (Mexico Olympic 68) and Angel de las Heras.

The FS and Volleyball Toledo Toledo Association Toledo complete representation in the National League of First and Second Division, after a brief journey in Fantasy-, respectively, while the Toledo Rugby Club, with many noisy fans, is immersed in the League Madrid's Primera Liga.

At the individual level, the swimmer Javier Noriega and Julio Rey marathon athletes are more representative of the city, both in Athens Olympics 2004 and Beijing 2008, in recent years. Rey, Spanish current marathon record holder, with 2h.06: 52, announced his retirement in October 2009.





SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toledo,_Spain 


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